Miscellaneous Notices to Mariners
7 Information from the Norwegian Coastal Administration
The Norwegian Coastal Administration (NCA) is responsible for providing aids to navigation, pilot services, VTS services and pollution prevention in Norway. Read more about the Norwegian Coastal Administration at kystverket.no.
Norwegian List of Lights
The latest printed issue of the Norwegian list of lights (Fyrlisten) was issued in 2018 and supersedes all previous editions.
A digital version of the Norwegian list of lights is updated every morning. You can download the continuously updated Norwegian list of lights as a pdf-file at kystverket.no.
The Norwegian list of lights (Fyrlisten) describes operational data for aids to navigation along the Norwegioan coast. In addition, it provides general guidance regarding typically used marks in Norway, and their intendes functions.
Transition to IALA Standard for sector lights
In the period 2019 to 2025, the Norwegian Coastal Administration will be reorganizing the sectors of all the sector lights. Around 1900 sector lights will be modified to be in compliance with the standard defined by IALA (International Association of Lighthouse Authorities).
This change will require extra attention from the mariners, as all sector lights will be affected. Mariners are requested to pay careful attention to the Norwegian notice to mariners, as both color and width of light sectors may change.
More information about the IALA standard and contacts are listed on the Norwegian Coastal Administration webpage, kystverket.no.
Buoys and Beacons
None of the Norwegian aids to navigation are manned, some have remote monitoring, but most have only periodic maintenance inspections. Beacons are built with or without lights. Most of the beacons without lights, are ironpoles in the water placed on/near shallow areas. Some beacons at land are unlit, these are beacon towers (stone) or lattice beacons. Some of the most exposed unlit marks (ironpoles), do not have any topmarks. This is due to likelihood of frequent weather damages. Beacons with lights are often lanterns on ironpole(s), or sector lights. Many of these lights have flood lights. Floating marks might have a light or be unlit. Floating marks might get off positon (due to wind and currect), and mariners are requested to apply extra care when using these marks when fixing own ship position.
Mariners are advised that aids to navigation must not be used for mooring. This can cause the aids to become damaged or out of position.
A modern Racon normally respond to both "X" and "S" frequency band radars. The range is dependent on the elevation of the radar antenna and of the transponder. Response intervals will vary depending on the characteristics of the racon. For example 18/30s means that the racon will respond for 18 seconds, and be nonresponsive for 12 seconds every 30 seconds.
A list of Racons on the Norwegian coast can be found in the Norwegian List of Lights.
Floodlight has a steady yellow or white light that illuminate an area. This area can be an rock, pier head, bridge piers or the structure the light is mounted on.
The purpose of the diffuser is to provide the mariner a certain effect of navigation at day, where one can better see and judge the distance to a restricted area/object and also see an illuminated daymark even though it is dark. Most recently, it is common to illuminate the stricture. This often amplified using reflectors and/or white color on the structure..
NCA Maintenance Vessels
To be able to perform their work, it is sometimes necessary for the Norwegian Coastal Administration's maintenance vessels to moor beside navigational aids. During these operations, these maintenance vessels will have restricted ability to maneuver, and the crew may be conducting dangerous operations.
In order to avoid injury and damage to personel or equipment, other vessels are requested to give these maintenance vessels as wide a berth as possible when passing them and to reduce speed as required.
7.1 Navigational warning service
The Norwegian Coastal Administration is the national coordinator for navigational warnings and provide warnings to ships containing urgent information relevant to safe navigation.
Obligation to report information relevant to safe navigation
Mariners are obliged to warn nearby vessel when aware of navigational hazards and failures of important aids to navigation. Furtermore, mariners must notify the Norwegian Coastal Administration as national coordinator for navigational warning of such hazards and failures.
Failures of aids to navigation or other navigational hazards shall be reported to the national coordinator by phone (00 47) 22 42 23 31, fax (00 47) 22 41 04 91 og by email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Broadcast of navigation warnings
In Norwegian sea- and coastal waters, three types of navigational warnings are promulgated, NAVAREA warnings, coastal warnings og local warnings.
NAVAREA warnings are concerned with the information, which oceangoing mariners require for their safe navigation. NAVAREA warnings are broadcast by the SafetyNET and SafetyCast (medio 2020) satellite services.
Coastal warnings are broadcast by the International NAVTEX service and concerns information, which is necessary for safe navigation within areas seaward of the fairway buoy or pilot station. The Norwegian coast is covered by six NAVTEX stations, Svalbard, Vardø, Bodø, Ørlandet, Rogaland og Jeløya. Coastal warnings are also broadcast by the coastal radio service on VHF voice.
Local warnings broadcast supplement coastal warnings by giving detailed information within inshore waters, often within the limits of a VTS area or the jurisdiction of a harbour or port authority. Local warnings are broadcast using VHF voice.
NAVAREA warnings and coastal warnings are available on the website of the Norwegian Coastal Administration, kystverket.no. The publication of navigation warnings on this website is not intended as a substitute for, or alternative to the satellite service or NAVTEX, and does not relieve mariners from their responsibility to comply with MSI broadcasts in accordance with the provisions of SOLAS.
7.2 Vessel Traffic Services
7.3 Pilot Boarding
7.4 Ice Service
The Norwegian Coastal Administration provides the national Ice Service, which has two main tasks:
- Provide ship traffic with updated information on ice conditions in Norwegian waters from the Swedish border to Kristiansand.
- Icebreaking in main and secondary fairways..
Ice reports are available from 1 December to 31 March.
More information about the Norwegian ice service is available at kystverket.no.
7.5 SafeSeaNet Norway– General User Information